My Monthly Garden
The garden is ablaze in October, with berrying shrubs laden with brilliantly colourful jewels and trees turning every shade of crimson, copper and ochre. But winter isn’t far off now, so make sure your garden is tucked up and the harvest gathered in with our list of jobs to do this month.
- Plant new trees plus hardy shrubs and perennials while there is still warmth and moisture in the ground and the air temperature hasn’t dropped too low yet.
- Group pots of evergreens together with autumn- and winter-flowering bedding in a sheltered spot for a late-season colour boost to cheer you up on a chilly day.
- Put out additional feed for the birds: At this time of year there should be plenty of nuts and berries in the garden or nearby countryside to collect, and don’t forget to keep their water topped up too.
- Prepare for early frosts: Now is the time to move your tender plants (e.g. aquatic plants) into a frost-free environment such as the Greenhouse.
- Regularly rake up and clear any fallen autumn leaves: Though it may seem a frustrating task at times, the colourful leaves can be stacked (to encourage rotting) and then used to make leafmould which is an invaluable compost and soil conditioner!
- Start reducing your mowing frequency and set the blades high when you do: This month is the last chance to mow your lawns and trim your hedges in mild areas.
- Sow sweet peas under cover five seeds to a 10cm pot in a cool greenhouse or cold frame, so they can germinate before the cold weather; you’ll get a head start on spring and earlier flowers next year.
- Plant spring-flowering bulbs from the eyecatching range on offer in the garden centre right now including daffodils, crocus, hyacinths, snowdrops and lots more.
- Divide perennials such as bergenia, hardy geraniums and phlox, lifting the entire clump and splitting it into smaller segments to keep them vigorous and healthy.
- Cure pumpkins and winter squashes somewhere warm and dry for up to two weeks, turning regularly so the sun can get at all parts of the skin to prepare them for winter storage.
- Apply grease bands to apple and pear tree trunks to prevent winter moth climbing up in to the trees to lay their eggs and you’ll stop their apple-munching larvae damaging your fruit next year.
- Sow hardy varieties of broad bean into deep root trainer modules and leave them in a cold frame to germinate; they’ll overwinter as seedlings and get going earlier in spring for harvesting by May.
- Potatoes, carrots and beetroots should be ready to be lifted and stored.
- Sow winter lettuce seeds in your Greenhouse: Ensure the Greenhouse is well-ventilated to relieve dampness throughout the upcoming soggy months.
My Monthly Garden
- Continue to protect your tender plants: Insulate them with straw, bracken, horticultural fleece, bubblewrap etc and move what plants you can into the Greenhouse or under shelter.
- If you have any stone fountains or water features, it is best to drain them to avoid potential damage from freezing conditions.
- If graced by a mild day, it is still ok to plant some flowers: We reccommend later flowering spring bulbs such as lilies and tulips and also winter/spring bedding plants such as pansies and primulas.
- Ensure that the heating system in your Greenhouse is working efficiently to prepare for winter temperatures.
- Winter can be a difficult time for birds so it is nice to make sure that their water and food supplies are topped up.
- To prevent waterlogging, raise your plant containers onto pot feet.
- Prune back roses to avoid damage from wind-rock.
- Protect any newly-planted fruit trees from female winter moths by tying grease bonds around the trunks.
- Finish planting bare-rooted shrubs and trees.
My Monthly Garden
- Regularly check that your winter protection structures are still securely in place and that your Greenhouse heater is still working.
- Prune apples and pears (open-grown), acers, birches and vines.
- Harvest leeks, parsnips, winter cabbage, sprouts and remaining root crops.
- Move patio pots to house wall to give support and protection.
- Prevent ponds, water features and bird baths from freezing over either by draining or by placing a small ball in them.
- Weather permitting, deciduous trees and shrubs can still be planted and transplated.
- Protect evergreens from cold winds by using Horticultural Fleece.
- Protect treasured plants, especially alpines and bulbs, from slugs by surrounding with pellets.
- There is still time to plant new fruit bushes if the soil is not frozen.
- Plan ahead for next year's garden with seed and plant catalogues.
My Monthly Garden
- Recycle your Christmas tree by shredding it for mulch.
- Keep putting out plenty of food and water for hungry birds.
- Watch out for water-logging if the weather gets wetter
- Check any stakes, tree ties and other supports for damage and repair where necessary.
- If we had a white Christmas then remove snow from evergreen trees and shrubs.
- Avoid walking on grass while it is frozen: The frozen leaves are brittle and easily damaged.
- Check stored fruit and vegetables and remove any damaged or mouldy produce to avoid spoiling the rest.
- Have your lawn mower serviced and clean and oil garden tools.
- Dig over any vacant plots that you haven't already and leave rough for frost to break down.
- Prune apple and pear trees.
- Consider moving plants to sunnier parts of your garden to maximise light exposure.
- Toward the end of the month, give early salad crops a good stat by putting up plastic cloches to warm the soil.
My Monthly Garden
As daylight hours increase there is plenty of planting to do to get you outside:
- Plant spring flowering perennials such as alstromeria, coral bells, campanula, euryops, and perennial dianthus.
- Set out summer flowering bulbs like amaryllis, calla, canna, dahlia, gladiolus, lily, tuberose, tuberous begonia, and tiger flower.
- Divide snowdrops after flowering.
- Prepare vegetable seed beds, and sow some vegetables under cover.
- Set apricots, nectarines and peaches to grow in the Greenhouse and protect the blossom.
- Prune winter-flowering shrubs that have finished flowering.
- Fertilize spring-blooming flowers and fall-planted annuals and perennials.
- Finish pruning cane berries, deciduous fruit trees, grapes, roses, and wisteria by mid-month.
- Prune evergreen hedges and renovate overgrown deciduous hedges.
- Check the Greenhouse glass is still sturdy after high winds and clean out accumulated rubbish etc before spring.
- Start shopping for early spring flowering shrubs and vines, such as Carolina Jessamine, daphne, azalea, camellia, and early rhododendrons.
My Monthly Garden
- Prune back autumn flowering clematis and lift and divide overgrown clumps of perennials.
- Take the old flower heads off winter flowering heathers and trim the plants to shape.
- Deadhead daffodils then let the foliage die down naturally so it feeds the bulb and produces an even better display next year.
- Finish pruning roses and feed rose bushes.
- Steep freshly-cut nettles in water for a few weeks and decant the rich brown liquid for a potent, nitrogen-rich plant food.
- Protect new spring shoots from slugs.
- Plant shallots, onion sets and early potatoes - Plant onion sets around 10cm apart, sinking the sets just below the soil’s surface.
- Weeds are set to make a come-back. Now is the time to deal with them before they get out of hand - Start hoeing weekly to catch annual weeds the moment they appear so they never get big enough to bother you or your plants.
- Start using ponds and fountains etc again and remove pond heaters.
- On warm days, open the greenhouse or conservatory doors and vents and keep a look out for fungal diseases.
- On dry days, start mowing the lawn again but keep blades on highest setting.
- Plant summer-flowering bulbs.
- Mulch Raspberry canes with compost or manure.
- Now is your last chance to plant bare-root fruit bushes and trees.
- In warmer areas, spray Peaches and Nectarines to help control Peach leaf curl.
- Sow seeds of beetroot, leek, lettuce and summer cabbage in a heated Greenhouse.
My Monthly Garden
- For the first time this year, you can properly start cutting your grass again! Start off the first few times with a high-blade-setting.
- Re-seed and re-turf any bald patches on your lawn and use a good lawn feed and weed killer to help it look its best.
- Once flowering has finished, thin out herbaceous plants and prune spring flowering shrubs.
- At the start of the month, sow garden vegetables outside like potatoes, peas, broad beans, leeks, cauliflower, summer cabbage, brussel sprouts, onions, spinach, turnips, parsnips and lettuce.
- Other vegetables like cucumbers, courgettes and outdoor tomatoes can be sown under glass.
- Sprinkle rose fertiliser around roses and begin to spray them to control pests and diseases.
- Protect fruit blossom from late frosts.
- Sow hardy annuals and herb seeds such as Mint, Sage and Thyme.
- Start to feed citrus plants and now is an ideal time to plant strawberry plants in your garden.
- Increase the water you give to your house plants.
- Feed all other plants in the garden using a slow-release fertiliser to improve flowering and growth.
For any gardening equipment or advice you may require for the month ahead, make sure to visit Pugh's Garden Village - our friendly and helpful staff are always on hand to help!
My Monthly Garden
- Summer is nearly upon us! Avoiding cold areas, start planting your summer bedding and fork in a fertiliser, clearing out any spring bedding as it fades.
- In the case of a dry spell, keep all flowers, trees and plants well watered.
- If you have planted any hanging baskets, put them in the greenhouse until the risk of frost is gone, similarly for any tender plants.
- Deadhead spring bulbs (but do not cut the foliage back yet).
- To prevent them from becoming overgrown, prune spring-flowering shrubs.
- Using a straw or black polythene, mulch around strawberries to prevent the fruit being spoiled.
- If peach and nectarine are showing signs of leaf curl, destroy the affected leaves.
- Harvest any early Rhubarb.
- Most vegetable crops can be sown but delay if the soil is cold and wet.
- Plant a main crop of potatoes and/or earth up any early crop potatoes.
- Keep applying a weed killer and fertiliser combination to your lawns or spot treat as an alternative.
- Ventilate your green house well and damp down on sunny days as long as seed are not being raised.
- Watch for pests and treat immediately using either a chemical spray or a biological control.
- If you have a pond, keep the pumps and filters running constantly and feed fish if they are near the surface.
- Collect rainwater and investigate ways to recycle water for irrigation.
- Check for nesting birds before clipping hedges.
My Monthly Garden
Flaming June is a delight in the garden, what with roses blooming, borders bursting with colour and the first new crops to harvest. Here are the jobs to be getting on with this month:
- Target weeds, regularly hoeing bare soil on dry days and forking out perennials like ground elder as soon as you see them.
- Check moisture levels, digging down with a trowel to find out how damp the soil really is underneath – then water where necessary.
- Start mowing lawns at least once a week (when the weather is dry)
- Stake tall or floppy plants.
- Clip hedges to keep looking smart.
- Take care of hanging baskets dead-heading regularly and adding a liquid feed to the watering can once a week.
- Tie in new growth of climbers like roses and clematis while it’s still young and pliable.
- Dig up tulip bulbs to dry and store until you can plant them again in autumn.
- Encourage strong growth and a good flower display in your roses with pest/disease control and sprays
- Plant out summer bedding.
- Sow squash in pots of compost and place on a warm sunny windowsill or in a greenhouse, then plant out in a sunny spot.
- Sow oriental salads such as pak choi, mizuna and Chinese cabbage as they’re less likely to bolt in mid to late summer.
- Thin apples so your trees aren’t exhausted by trying to bear too heavy a crop, removing the smallest from each cluster.
- Protect your strawberries from slugs by laying straw.
- Harvest lettuce, radish, other salads and early potatoes.
- Thin out rows of previously sown vegetables to allow them to reach their potential.
- Spread nets over soft fruit bushes.
My Monthly Garden
Summertime… and the living is easy. The hard work drops away and you have time to relax and enjoy the beautiful garden you’ve created. There are a few small jobs you can be getting on with, though:
- Edge lawns with edging shears to keep them sharp and neat: lawn edges grow faster than surrounding grass so need trimming more regularly.
- Clip hedges now that the birds have finished nesting, aiming for an A shape so the sun can reach all parts equally.
- Prevent over heating and scorching of tender plants in the greenhouse with shading or netting and remove faded flowers and dropped foliage to prevent the build up of fungal diseases.
- Be water-wise with all plants in warmer weather.
- Keep Ponds topped up and make sure to keep clearing algae, blanket weeds and debris and continue to feed fish and check filters on pumps to ensure that they are not blocked.
- Order catalogues for next year’s spring-flowering bulbs.
- Clean paving or slabs with an algicide.
- Feed roses with a specialist rose fertiliser after regular dead-heading to encourage more flowers to form.
- Deadhead bedding to keep the show going for longer, pinching out fading blooms to encourage new flower buds to form.
- Apply slow release fertiliser granules to containers and hanging baskets to boost growth for the rest of the season.
- Prune late spring and early summer flowering shrubs immediately after flowering to promote new growth.
- Pinch out broad bean shoots to encourage the pods to swell and deter blackfly infestations.
- Harvest and store garlic as soon as the foliage starts yellowing, drying bulbs carefully for two weeks before plaiting them into strings.
- Sow late summer salads in large containers so you can start picking them in as little as six weeks’ time.
- Remove the side shoots on trained fruit trees to encourage new growth.
- Pick raspberries regularly.
- Feed all vegetable plants ensuring to keep onions well watered to maximise yield.
My Monthly Garden
Midsummer can mean a pause while your garden gets ready for the bright colours of autumn – but it doesn’t have to be that way. Keep your outdoor space looking at its best with this month’s garden jobs:
- Remove excess oxygenating plants from ponds and compost them after leaving them on the side for a little while so that wildlife can escape back into the water.
- Check for slug and snail damage and if necessary, set up traps and barriers or attack directly with wildlife-friendly pellets, available from the garden centre here.
- Watering is essential for all plants, containers, hanging baskets and new plants.
- Keep ponds and water features topped up and keep the filters clear and remove any weeds.
- Satisfy your garden's hunger with a granular fertiliser.
- Look out for earwig damage on dahlias – these beetle-like insects love to munch on petals, ruining your display, so trap them in a flowerpot stuffed with straw, hung upside down on a cane among the flowers.
- Give lavender a trim as soon as flowers fade, cutting back to about 2cm of this year’s growth to keep it compact and neat. Don’t cut into older, brown wood or it may not grow back.
- Prune philadelphus as well as other early summer flowering shrubs like weigela and deutzia once flowers have faded, removing a third of the oldest growth at the base.
- Regularly deadhead flowering plants to encourage re-growth.
- Maintain your roses by picking and spraying frequently to control black spot mildew and aphids . Encourage climbing roses by tying in growth.
- Keep sowing salads little and often to keep the supplies coming: look out for seed of endive, lettuces, rocket and pak choi on our seed racks and sow half a row now to keep you in fresh salads through autumn.
- Feed chilli plants weekly with a potassium-rich liquid tomato feed to encourage extra flowers and even more fruits right up till the first frosts.
- Harvest courgettes regularly at no more than 15-20cm long to enjoy them at their tender best: leave them to grow much bigger and plants quickly become less productive, so regular harvesting is essential.
- Continue cutting out old fruited canes on raspberries and pick ripe raspberries.
- Prune all summer varieties of fruit down to ground level and ensure netting on fruit cages hasn't worn. Lift and pot up rooted strawberry runners.
- Earth up brussel sprouts and potatoes and continue to water onions to get the most out of your crop.
My Monthly Garden
September is a crossover month in the garden. The borders are ablaze with colour, and you’re reaping the rewards of earlier hard work with overflowing baskets full of fresh fruit and veg: but it’s also time to start winding down and getting ready for next year. Here are this month’s garden jobs:
- Pick up rose leaves affected by black spot to prevent this nasty fungal disease overwintering and reinfecting plants next year. Don’t compost them, though – burn or bin them instead.
- Give the lawn some TLC by killing and removing any moss and weeds. Then scarify (rake out dead material), top dress with sandy loam and compost, and feed with an autumn lawn fertiliser.
- Clear up any fallen leaves and other dead plant material to prevent diseases over wintering.
- Ensure that all vents are working on the Greenhouse so they can be closed on cool evenings.
- Start planting spring-flowering bulbs in borders and containers: visit the garden centre now to make sure you get your favourite varieties as they sell out fast!
- Lift and divide hardy perennials more than three years old, so they stay vigorous and healthy. Once clumps become overgrown and congested, dig them up and split up before replanting in fresh compost.
- Plant new trees and shrubs to make the most of the milder autumn conditions, when the soil is still warm and damp and ideal for establishing new roots.
- Clear away faded summer bedding plants and plant out pansies, wallflowers and other spring bedding plants.
- Daffodils can be planted in the greenhouse to ensure a display for Christmas.
- Water camellias regularly as they are now forming next year's flower buds.
- Continue harvesting apples and pears to eat straight away or wrap individually in newspaper to store in wooden boxes somewhere cool and dry.
- Harvest maincrop potatoes lifting them on a dry day and letting them dry for an hour or two before storing in hessian or paper sacks somewhere dark and frost-free.
- Sow fast-growing winter greens such as land cress, mustard spinach, corn salad and hardy lettuces – they’ll be up in no time and ready to harvest from late autumn to early spring.
- Plant out new Strawberry beds and remove runners from any new plants.
- Harvest vegetable plants as soon as they are ready to get maximum flavour. Lift onions and dry them before storing them.
- Cut and dry herbs for use in the winter.
- Pick autumn Raspberries and regularly check fruit nets on late fruiting varieties of Raspberries and Blackberries.